Michelene (Micki) T.H. Chi

Chi, M. T. H. (1997) Creativity: Shifting across ontological categories flexibly. In T. B. Ward, S. M., Smith, & J. Vaid (Eds.) Creative thought: An investigation of conceptual structures and processes (pp. 209-234). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.

This paper details the 1997 version of Chi's theory about the ontological categories underlying the misrepresentation of complex science concepts. In particular, a set of six attributes that characterize complex science concepts are identified. These six attributes are diametrically opposite those that define an event. Because the category of complex science concepts is ontologically distinct from the category of events, misrepresenting complex concepts as a kind of events impairs learning with understanding.

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Last Updated: November 3, 2015